Can’t decide whether to explore the beauty of nature or historical towns of Central Asia? This 12-day tour offers the best of both travel styles. Explore the beaming waters of the Ayaz-Kul salt lake and the red sand of the Kyzylkum Desert. Our resident guides from “Travel Tour” will introduce you to the traditions, culture and history of the ancient cities such as Nukus, Khiva, Bukhara, Samarkand, Shakhrisabz, and Tashkent. Along your Silk Road Holidays, indulge in epicurean delights like traditional palov, shashlik, local fruits and the vegetables the region is famous for.
Nukus is the capital of the autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan. The Savitsky Museum has the world's second largest collection of Russian avant-garde of the first half of the 20th century, collected by the artist Igor Savitsky from paintings prohibited by the Stalinist regime. Now this collection is very famous and exhibited in European countries. Savitsky also collected a unique ethnographic Karakalpak collection. The archaeological exposition telling about the history of ancient Khorezm (the former name of this territory) is very interesting.
The yurt camp is located in a desert area at the foot of two natural hills on which fortresses were built in 4-3 centuries BC. At the site of clay excavation for construction, 4 km from the fortresses, the salt lake Ayaz-Kul was formed.
The city consists of two parts - the inner city, Ichan-Kala, surrounded by a majestic fortress wall, and the outer city, Dishan-Kala (the wall was destroyed in 1920).
Khiva celebrated its 2500th anniversary at the end of the 20th century. This city arose in an oasis near the river, but in an area where there are underground sources of fresh water, although at a depth of less than a meter there are powerful layers of salt water of the former sea. Thanks to these sources and independence from the river, which often changed its course, Khiva to this day is in its former place. From the 1st century BC. to the 16th century AD Khiva was a fortified city where a garrison of soldiers lived, accompanying caravans. At the beginning of the 17th century. Khiva becomes the capital of the Khanate.
The ruling dynasties and feudal lords erected beautiful buildings in Khiva, designed in a single distinctive style: two palaces, many madrassas, mosques, minarets and mausoleums.
On the way, tourists will once again cross the Amu Darya by a railroad bridge and stop on the riverbank, where they will see a lot of petrified shell rock left over from the time when the territory of Central Asia was covered by the prehistoric sea. Most of the road (almost 300 km) passes through the Kizil-Kum desert.
Samarkand is the oldest city in Central Asia, celebrating its 2750th anniversary.